Annelies Marie “Anne’ Frank, was a German born Dutch girl who was born on the 12th June 1929 and who died in either February or March in 1945. She is one of the most known and discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. She is known posthumously from her writing The Diaries of a Young Girl, or as it was originally called, The Secret Annex. The diaries document her life in hiding from 1942-1944, during the German occupation of the Netherlands. Although she was born in Germany, she lived most of her life near Amsterdam, as her family fled from the Nazis.When the German forces occupied Amsterdam in 1942 her family went into hiding in some rooms that were concealed behind a bookcase. They stayed here confined, for two years, until the family were arrested in 1944 by the Gestapo. Throughout this time she kept a diary, in a book that was given to her as a birthday present. After their arrest the Frank family was transported to concentration camps, Anne and her sister Margot were sent first to Auschwitz and then later transferred to Bergen-Belsen, where sadly, they died, probably from typhus, in February or March 1945.
Her father Otto survived and returned to Amsterdam after the war, where he discovered that Anne’s diaries had been saved by his secretary, Mies Gies. The Diary of a Young Girl was published in 1947 and has been translated into over 70 languages.